Guanacaste National Park
Guanacaste - Costa Rica National Park, based on an area of 320 km2 in 1991. The initiative to create the park came from the biologist Daniel Janzen, since the most important seasonal ways of animal migration pass here. The area has large altitude drops from 200 to 1659 meters above sea level.
Little is known from the history of this region. Prior to the opening of America, these places were inhabited by immigrants from Mexico, with the advent of conquiscadors in 1519, the ranks of local residents significantly thinned - they were sold into slavery to other countries. After 2 centuries, none of the indigenous people remained, and Guanacaste became the agricultural province of Nicaragua. In 1898, after the redistribution of the territory of Guanacaste, she moved to Costa Rica.
In the Guanacaste National Park you can see the volcanoes of Orosi and Kakao, in the northwestern part the park is adjacent to another national park - Santa Rosa. Most of the park is occupied by the Orosi plain, on the territory of which you can find hydrogen sulfide sources. Dry and rain forests, swamps and lagoons with salty and fresh water are found in the park. The fauna is represented by more than 140 species of mammals, over 300 birds and 100 representatives of reptiles. The most common representatives of the file are iguana, monkey, sloth, cougar, jaguar, as well as many dragonflies and frogs.
Nowadays, Guanacaste is known for its beautiful beaches, hundreds of kilometers long. These beaches are recognized by many as the cleanest in all of Central America, and all this thanks to the work of the authorities in saving nature. Tourism is well developed in the region, most of which falls on the north-western part of the province of Guanacaste. Many tourist complexes can be found on Playa Hermos, Playa Panama, Playa Papagayo, Playa Flamingo, Playa Konchal.