Avachinsky Volcano is a huge active volcano located on the territory of the Russian Federation, in Kamchatka. This volcano has many names, it is called Avach Mountain, Gorelaya Sopka, Avachinskaya Sopka and so on. It is classified as a volcano in the Somma Vesuvius category. Over the entire history of its existence, the volcano has erupted more than 18 times.
Information about the volcano
The height of Avachinsky Volcano reached 2717 meters above sea level. Its top looks like a cone, which was formed as a result of eruptions of various types of metals. These were igneous rocks: tuff, basalt and andesite. In 1991, during an eruption, a plug of magma formed inside the Avachinsky Volcano, and as a result, glaciers have now formed on the top, which occupy an area of 10 square kilometers.
This huge mountain arose as a result of constant eruptions of one huge volcano, which was here more than 11 thousand years ago, and its height reached 5000 meters. At the very bottom, the diameter of the volcano reaches 20 kilometers. More than a hundred centuries ago there was a very powerful volcanic eruption, as a result of which more than 12 cubic kilometers of rock were thrown out near the Avachi River. Part of the somma, which sank 500 meters lower, formed new faults in the volcano. Avachinsky Volcano increased to its normal height more than 5,000 years ago. Now the volcano's cone alone reaches a height of 700 meters.
Climbing the volcano
Avachinsky volcano is one of the favorite places of climbers in Kamchatka. All this is explained by the fact that the volcano is located not far from the capital of Kamchatka, and this hill has a fairly simple climb. It is suitable for both professional climbers and beginners who could make their first climb. This entire event will take no more than 8 hours. And in the summer season, the ascent can be done without additional equipment.
The very first attempt to climb the volcano was made in 1787 by participants who were traveling around the world. In modern times, the volcano is still considered active. The last volcanic eruption was in 2001, but Avachinsky Volcano still remains popular among tourists not only from Russia, but also from other countries. People say that there is a special atmosphere here, and it seems that time stops for a moment.