Chusovaya is one of the most beautiful rivers in Russia, originating in the Urals and flowing into Kama. Picturesque shores, as well as frequent mention in the literature, made Chusas a popular tourist destination.
Origin of the name of the river
There are several versions of the origin of the name of the river. One of them is the name 2 words "chus" and "va", which are translated from the Komi-Permyak language as a fast river. Today, local peoples have no words of nonsense, but the names of the Semidennaya and Northern Chus rivers have been preserved in the Komi-Permyatsky district. Therefore, the name of the Chusova River ( Chusva ) was distorted in Chusovaya. According to another version, in the 3rd century, the Hun tribe moved from Irtysh to Semirechye and founded the Chuban state between the Ili and Chu rivers. Later, part of the "Chuy tribes" went to the Urals and joined the Bashkirs, and in memory of their edges they called the Chu River. "Chu-suv from Bashkir translates as the Chu River".
The length of the river is 593 kilometers, for which it overcomes the Chelyabinsk and Sverdlovsk regions and the Perm Territory. In total, more than 150 rivers flow into the river, of which the most full-flowing: Bolshoi Shishim, Usiva, Silver, Revda, Shaitanka, Koiva. During floods, water rises by 4-5 meters, while in August the river is very shallow and the water sometimes does not exceed the water level of 15 cm. The bottom of the river is stone and throughout there are about 70 percats, which make it a very popular place for alloy. Local residents call the per roll, among them the largest Kashkinsky bust. The banks of the river are mostly gentle, but steep rocks are found, in places the rocks stand on the riverbed. Such rocks are called "fighters" and the most dangerous have their own names. At first, river rafting was extremely dangerous. In 1877 alone, 23 ships crashed on the Razboinik rock, and more than a hundred people sank with them. Because of this, work had to be done to improve the conditions of navigation: the most dangerous rocks were blown up, large stones were removed from the rim, logs were installed at the rocks to mitigate the impact. These measures have reduced the number of crashes from 10% to 4% of the total number of sailing ships.
On the banks of the Chusovaya River you can see a wide variety of animals and birds. These are moose, wolves, bears, hares, beavers, squirrels, chipmunks, ondatras, geese, ducks, ripples. All this thanks to the diversity of natural landscapes from swamps and meadows to coniferous and deciduous forests. In the river itself, you can easily catch cancer, pike, perch, yazya, bream, ruff, golyan, and roach.
Tourism on the river
During the USSR, tourism was actively developing on the river. To do this, in the 1960s, they developed a state-of-the-art route for tourists from the village of Sloboda to the city of Chusova, which was in service of the Kourovskaya camp site ( in 1987 was renamed Chusovaya ). At that time, up to 3 thousand tourists rafted down the river. You can swim on the river in April after the ice is coming soon. The river rafting is safe, only the killer rocks can be dangerous, but they are not scary for light catamarans. In 1980, tablets with their names and descriptions were placed on such rocks. Many of them appear as natural monuments and are protected, some stones have caves. Rock Filin is of historical value, parts of ceramic dishes dating from 1000 BC were found in its cave.