Saxon Switzerland National Park
Saxon Switzerland - German National Park, 93 km local2 on a wonderful mountain landscape. The base of the national park was laid in 1956. The park received its current status after the connection of Germany. The park is adjacent to Czech Switzerland, located in the Czech Republic.
The first samples to save Saxon Switzerland were accepted back in the 19-20th century, when the construction of sand quarries, as well as new roads, threatened unique landscapes. In 1850 - this small area still finally got the status of a nature protection zone, which was welcomed by the defenders of the Elbe Valley. A large number of actions to protect the area were held in subsequent years. In 1877, public organizations achieved a ban on the destruction of several rocks, including Bastaya. But the region could not defend itself completely from possible efforts to destroy the natural treasures of the region for sandstone extraction.
The most visited place in the park is the rocky Bastai massif with a height of almost 200 meters. At its ledges, visitors to the park can see stunning views of the dining mountains and the Elba River. The first hotel was built here back in 1812, from that moment the fame of these places was only gaining momentum. The park is particularly characterized by a stone bridge built in the 20th century and the famous "Trope of Artists", which was visited by many eminent poets, painters.
The landscapes of Saxon Switzerland are due to unusual pile of rocks, narrow valleys, table mountains and gorges. Saxon Switzerland is rich in rare animals and feathers, such as: sony-pillars, otters, filins. The bulk of the animals tracked down a shelter in the east of the park, which adjoins the Czech Republic. This part is rarely visited by tourists. The park often meets: owl, hawk, woodpecker, winter-fed, black stork, deer, marten, wild boar. There is trout and salmon in the rivers.
The area of the park can be examined by boat or by boat. A particularly romantic trip will be obtained on an old wheeled steamboat or an old tram to one of the waterfalls in Lichtenhain. In addition, there are other attractions: Kenigstein Fortress, an open-air theater in the city of Rathen, Flessershteig Castle, Post Stole in the city of Pirna, Neuraten Fortress. You can feel the primitive charms of Saxon Switzerland on excursions that guide the national park or with a fascinating descent on a kayak in the gorge.
In this area, an abundance of rivers, mountain streams. The main water artery is formed by the Elba River. The mountains here are not particularly high, on average 400-500 meters, but nevertheless they were chosen by many climbers. But it is worth noting that in rainy weather it is forbidden to climb. First, sandstone after rain loses its strength, which can destroy the rocks, and secondly, unreliable climbing equipment fixed on the walls of sandstone is made due to the fragility of the rocks. There is a very warm and dry climate with an average annual temperature of 7.5 C °. Nevertheless, winters here are cool and after strong storms, snow can hold on until a month. It is better to climb the rocks in May-September, at this time the weather is more constant.
In the national park it is forbidden to put tents, whether it is possible to put a cave behind it in some rock, in a grotto, cave. Local climbers call such Bofe nights.
In Kenigstein, located in the very middle of Saxon Switzerland, you can reach by car or train from Dresden, there is also an international airport.