Waterton Lakes National Park
Waterton Lakes is Canada's National Park, located in the southwest of the Canadian province of Alberta on the border with British Columbia and Montana, USA. The area of the national park is 505 km2. Altitude ranges from 1274 to 2918 meters. The park is part of the worldwide network of biosphere reserves, and is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site in conjunction with the American National Park Gleysher.
Waterton Lakes Park is part of the World Park, a unique place where the watershed of the three oceans passes, mountains and prairies meet. The park has many picturesque routes popular with tourists, whom about 400 thousand people come to these lands in a year.
About 1,500 million years ago, there was a sea in this territory, the presence of which was proved by a petrified ripple, as well as salt crystals. Then, even before the appearance of complex living organisms, stone rocks formed as a result of erosion. Waterton Lakes Park presents stone rocks of various colors: red argillitis contains oxidized iron, while green is unoxidized; stones of beige, gray and brown colors - dolomites and limestones, black stones - of volcanic origin.
Significant changes in altitude are the main cause of the region’s biological diversity, which includes fields, subalpine forests, alpine tundra, prairie, rocks, lakes and marshy soils with fresh water. Each of these ecosons has a characteristic vegetation.
One of the best places to visit are Lake Cameron Lake and Sammin Lake, surrounded by picturesque slopes, waterfalls Cameron Falls and Blackiston Falls. Waterton Lakes Pearl Park is not a very deep but insanely picturesque Red Rock Canyon. Guests often settle in campsites, but more recently, the Prince of Wales Hotel has opened at their service, harmoniously inscribed in the surrounding landscape. Thanks to its original architecture, the hotel quickly became a local attraction.