Villa Farnesina stands out among the many unique sights of Rome, is the greatest monument of architecture and painting of the Renaissance. Aristocratic interior decoration, frescoes and colorful paintings by masters of the 16th century, decorating magnificent halls, an amazing combination of architectural art with outstanding works - all this makes Villa Farnesina the most popular tourist attraction from all over the world.
Creators of an architectural masterpiece
The building itself was designed back in 1505 by the architect and artist B. Peruzzi, who, a year later, began the construction of the palace. In 1507, the work was continued by the Italian architect D. de Vignola, who introduced changes unusual for that time into its design, which characterized the new style in architecture - mannerism.
Today, Villa Farnesina looks like a pentagonal two-story fortress, both wings of which are connected by a glazed arched loggia. It is noteworthy that there are no columns, marble ornaments and other classical decorative elements in the exterior. Instead, the facade is decorated with bas-reliefs, pilasters and horizontal rods. An orchard, especially attractive at the time of flowering, is a perfect addition to the non-standard architecture.
Inside the Villa Farnesina there are several halls with rooms painted according to mythological motifs. The Frisian Room features frescoes depicting the exploits of Hercules and drawings of hunting scenes made by Peruzzi himself. He also had a hand in creating the interior of the Fireplace Hall, using a special drawing technique. With its help, you can see various sights of the Italian capital.
On the "Loggia of Galatea", among others, there is the famous panel of Raphael "The Triumph of Galatea" of 1511, and on the ceiling of this room is the family coat of arms of the Chigi family, the original owners of the castle. The paintings on the walls and ceiling of its main entrance are dedicated to Cupid and Psyche. A variety of floral ornaments - flowers and fruits of fruit trees - give even more realism and luxury to the design.
Raphael's brushes belong to the paintings of the Wedding Hall, the former bedroom on the second floor, telling about the wedding of Roxana and Alexander the Great. In addition to the works of the above-mentioned artists, the palace also contains masterpieces by J. Penny, D. Romano, D. Bazzi and other painters. Of course, Villa Farnesina will be of interest not only to connoisseurs of Italian art, but also to lovers of the history of this amazing country.