Mingan Archipelago National Park
The Mingan Archipelago is Canada's National Park, located in the north of St. Lawrence Bay. For a long time this virgin region was not familiar to tourists, but in our time, popularity is increasing every year thanks to its rich flora and fauna, unusual lanschafts.
The Mingan archipelago includes 40 large islands and several hundred small islands of granite, stretching for 150 km 3 km from the coast. On the islands there are many amazing grottoes, cliffs of various forms. Such a lanschaft of archipelagos has been formed for more than a million years, now and then falling and rising into the waterway. During the last ice age, the islands covered a huge hat of ice, more than 2 kilometers thick. Gradually, the glaciers melted, leaving the islands at a depth of 80 meters. Gradually, the islands rose and somewhere 7000 years ago appeared on the surface. In the near future, a plateau consisting of limestone began to collapse, forming the local amazing lanschafts.
On the southern part of the Mingan archipelago, you can find a system of arches and grottoes of scientific interest, since they contain fossils of more than 200 marine organisms. In the northern part of the islands, it breaks off into the sea, forming cliffs with a height of up to 15 meters.
In 1895, one island of the Mingan archipelago was bought out by the head of chocolate production Henry Mepieu and decided to populate this island with white-tailed deer to hunt them. Soon the herd has grown and now it is 120 thousand heads. In addition to deer to the island. Among them, gulls, paints, black kayr, sparrows, kulaks can be noted, in winter ducks migrate here. From representatives of the animal world you can often find: foxes, bats, ondatra, otters, beavers, proteins. In the local waters there is a large number of plankton and fish, which attracts dolphins, seals, as well as 9 varieties of whales.
The islands of the Mingan archipelago have many peat and salt marshes, coniferous forests. On a comparative small area of 150 km2, 450 plant species grow, of which more than a hundred endangered plants. Local plants adapted to harsh living conditions - some are attached like stone-shields on cracks in cliffs, others like Mertense Sea protects its sheets with pollen from sea salt and abundant sunlight.
More than 30,000 travelers visit the Mingan archipelago annually. Having adopted binoculars and a camera, tourists admire the stunning views of the rocks, many birds. Lovers of water walks who can choose a yacht or kayak for a walk, or even see underwater beauties accompanied by an instructor, will not remain without a lot. For water walks there are several routes longer than 100 km, because of the small distances between the islands between them in good weather you can swim in the kayak. There are campsites on 6 islands.