Auyuittuq National Park
Auyuittuq is Canada's National Park, founded in 2001 on Baffin Island Earth. From the Inuit language, Auyittuk translates as "never land". The territory of the park is covered with snow for almost the whole year, the main attraction of the park is Cape Penny Ice, covered in an area of 6000 km2 snow and ice.
The oldest mountains on the Cumberland Peninsula formed 2.8 billion years ago. About 550 million years ago, at a time when life began to emerge on the current planet - the eastern Arctic was immersed in water abyss, because of which sedimentary rocks can be found on the rocks. 60 million years ago, due to the movement of tectonic plates, the island of Baffin, the Earth separated from Greenland and the Cumberland Peninsula rose from the water, the rains and the wind removed almost all sedimentary rocks.
Vegetation in Auyittuk Park is available in only 15% of the area, mainly in valleys. In total, 112 species of plants, 97 species of lichens and 136 mosses grow in the park. Of the shrubs, it is worth noting heathering and dwarf birch, and there are also many flower ratifications in the park, such as oguahi, stonebreakers, and lichnises.
The coastal line of Auyittuk Park is covered with thick snow cover almost all year, but nonetheless, animals were able to adapt to such a harsh habitat. The park is constantly inhabited by reindeer, polar bears, musk bulls, and many small rodents, such as hares, sands, lemmings, and in the sea you can see whales and seals. Of the birds, you can most often see the tundra partridge.
In the southeast of Auyittuk National Park, the magnificent Akshayuk Pass is located. The pass is also a wonderful ski area and a good place for hiking. Also, travelers like the "Summer Lake" located on the top of the pass, glaciers, views opening from it to the national park. In the western part of the park are the highest mountains of the peninsula, the larger of them are Asgard and Tor with a height of more than 1200 meters.
From the polar Arctic climate in Auyittuk, a long and cold winter and pretty cool in the summer. In January, the average temperature is at around 30 ° C, and in July does not exceed 10 ° C, for which permafrost prevails in almost the entire park. Therefore, tourism cannot fully develop in this area, travelers to these places visit mainly from July to August.